Adsorption of Cr(Vi) Ion from Aqueous Solutions by Solid Waste of Potato Peels

Main Article Content

Nidhal M. Sher Mohammed Haydar A. Mohammad Salim

Abstract

Pollution of wastewater with heavy metal has always been a serious problem to the environment. Chromium is considered one of the most noxious heavy metals. Adsorption is now reorganized as an alternative technology of defence for chromium removal due to local availability, technical efficiency and cost effectiveness. Potato peel powder can be used as a low cost biosorbent to remove hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions under various experimental conditions. Different parameters including equilibrium contact time, initial metal ion concentration, potato peel dose, pH and temperature were studied through a number of batch sorption experiments. Both the Langmuir and Freundlich were found to fit the adsorption isotherm of Cr (VI) ion onto potato peel. The Langmuir adsorption capacity was found to be 1.97 mg/g while Freundlich constants including Kf and n were 1.57 and 2.5, respectively. The adsorption kinetic was found to be more fit with the pseudo-first order model. This study showed a high efficiency of potato peel for the biosorption of Cr (VI) ion from aqueous solutions.


Article Details

References

Abdel Wanees, S., Ahmed, A. M. M., Adam, M. S.,and Mohamed, M. A. (2012). Adsorption Studies on the Removal of Hexavalent Chromium-Contaminated Wastewater using Activated Carbon and Bentonite. Chemistry Journal, 2 (3): 95-105.
Abdullah, M. A.,and Prasad, A. G. D. (2009). Kinetics and equilibrium studies for the biosorption of Cr (VI) from aqueous solutions by potato peel waste. International Journal of Chemical Engineering Research, 1(2): 51–62.
Aman, T., Kazi, A. A., Sabri, M. U., andBano, Q. (2008). Potato Peels as solid waste for the removal of heavy metal copper (II) from waste water/industrial effluent. Colloids and Surfaces B, Biointerfaces, 63 (1): 116-121.
Anirudhan,T. S.,andRadhakrishnan, P. G. (2008). Thermodynamics and kinetics of adsorption of Cu(II) from aqueous solutions onto a new cation exchanger derived from tamarind fruit shell. Journal of Chemical Thermal, 40(4): 702-709.
Bailey, E. S., Trudy, O. J., Mark, B. R., and Dean, A. D. (1998).A review of potentially low cost sorbents for heavy metals.Water Research, 33 (11): 2469–2479.
Chiou, M.S., and Li, H.Y. (2003).Adsorption behaviour of reactive dye in aqueous solution on chemicalcross-linked chitosan beads.Chemosphere, 50 (8): 1095–1105.
Clesceri, L. S., Greenberg, A. E.,and Eaton, A. D. (1998).Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, APHA, WEF, AWWA.American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, USA, 20th edition.
Deng, L., Su, Y., Su, H., Wang, X.,and Zhu, X. (2006).Biosorption of copper (II) and lead (II) from aqueous solutions by nonliving green algae Cladophorafascicularis: Equilibrium, kinetics and environmental effects. Adsorption, 12, (4): 267-277.
Durga, C., Prasad, P. S., Krishna, P.,andSrinivas, C. (2012). Equilibrium studies on biosorption of chromium on Psidiumguajavaleavespowder. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 4 (4):1868–1879.
EPA (1990).Environmental Pollution Control Alternatives.E.P. Agency, Cincinnati, US.
Garg, U. K., Kaur, M. P., Garg, V. K.,andSud, D. (2007).Removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution by agricultural waste biomass.Journal of Hazardous Materials, 140 (1-2): 60-68.
Guechi, E. K., andHamdaoui, O. (2011). Sorption of malachite green from aqueous solution by potato peel: Kineticsand equilibrium modeling using non-linear analysis method. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 4 (3): 243-260.
Gupta, S., andBabu, B. V. (2006). Adsorption of Cr(VI) by a low-cost adsorbent prepared from neem leaves. Proceeding of National Conference on Environmental Conservation, 1–3 Sep: 175–180.
Hasan, S. H., Singh, K. K., Prakash, O., Talat, M.,and Ho, Y. S. (2008). Removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions using agriculturalwaste ‘maize bran’. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 152 (1): 356–365.
Krishna, R. H.,andSwamy, A. V. S.(2012). Studies on removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solutions using powder of mosambi fruit peelings (PMFP) as a low cost sorbent.E-Journal of Chemistry, 9, (3): 1389–1399.
Langmuir, I. (1918).The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum.Journal of theAmerican Chemical Society, 40(9): 1361-1403.
Li, H., Li, Z., Liu, T., Xiao, X., Peng, Z., and Deng, L. (2008).A novel technology for biosorption and recovery of hexavalent chromium in wastewater by bio-functional magnetic beads.Bioresource Technology, 99 (14): 6271–6279.
Li, X., Tang, Y., Cao, X., Lu, D., Luo, F.,and Shao, W. (2008).Preparation and Evaluation of Orange Peel Cellulose Adsorbents for Effective Removal of Cadmium, Zinc, Cobalt and Nickel.Colloids and Surfaces, 317 (1-3): 512-521.
Malik, P. K. (2004). Dye removal from wastewater using activated carbon developed from sawdust: adsorption equilibrium and kinetics. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 113 (1-3): 81–88.
McKay, G., and Ho, Y.S. (1999).Pseudo-second order model for sorption process.Process Biochem, 34 (5): 451–465.
Mohan, D., and Pittman, C. J.(2006). Activated carbons and low cost adsorbents for remediation of tri and hexavalent chromium for water.Journal of hazardous materials, 137 (2): 762–811.
Monser, L., andAdhoum, N. (2002).Modified activated carbon for the removal of copper, zinc, chromium and cyanide from wastewater.Separation and Purification Technology, 26 (2): 137-146.
Mutongo, F., Kuipa, O.,andKuipa, P. K. (2014). Removal of Cr(VI) from Aqueous Solutions Using Powder of Potato Peelings as a Low Cost Sorbent. Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications, Article ID 973153, 7 pages, doi: 10.1155/2014/973153.
Namasivayam, C., Kadirvelu, K.,andKumuthu, M. (1998).Removal of direct red and acid brilliant blue by adsorption onto banana pith.Bioresource Technology, 64 (1): 77-79.
Rivero, M. J., Primo, O., and Ortiz, M. I. (2004).Modelling of Cr(VI) removal from polluted ground waters by ion exchange. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 79 (8): 822–829.
Sallau, A. B., Aliyu, S.,andUkuwa, S. (2012). Biosorption of chromium(VI) from aqueous solution by corn cob powder. International Journal of Environment and Bioenergy, 4 (3): 131–140.
Saradhi, B. V., Rao, S. R. K., Kumar, Y. P., Vijetha, P., Venkata R. K., andKalyani, G. (2010).Applicability of Freundlich and Langmuir theory for biosorption of chromium from aqueous solution using test of sea urchin.International Journal of Chemical Engineering Research,2 (2):139–148.
Sikaily, A. E., Nemr, A. E., Khaled, A., andAbdelwehab, O. (2007). Removal of toxic chromium from waste water using green alga Ulvalactuca and its activated carbon.Journal of Hazardous Materials, 148, (1- 2): 216–228.
Zhan, Y. B., Shukla, A., Shukla, S., andDorris, K.L. (2000).The removal of heavy metal from aqueous solutions by sawdust adsorption-removal of Copper.Journal of Hazardous Materials, 80(1-3): 33-42.