Main Article Content
Hollow anode argon glow discharge plasma has been investigated experimentally at different argon gas pressure from constant discharge current. A sufficient high voltage has been applied among the electrodes to obtain breakdown. Firstly, we studied the influence of hollow anode diameter on the breakdown voltage and Paschens law. The inner diameters of hollow anodes used in our work were (10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, and 40) mm. Secondly under the same conditions we extended our study to measure some plasma parameters in the negative glow region using direct current argon glow discharge. The temperature and density of electrons in the negative glow were measured using double probes. From the (Ip-Vp) characteristics of double probes, we obtained plasma parameters by using computer MATLAB program. The results showed that the measured Pashence's curve closes to the well-known theoretical Pashence's law. The breakdown voltage and its minimum value decreased with increasing the hollow anode diameter. The Paschen’s curve became wide and shifted to lower pressure with increasing the diameter. The reduction area of hollow anode caused dens and luminous intensity of plasma to occur in the negative glow region. Increasing the diameter resulted in decreasing the temperature and density of electron.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License [CC BY-NC-SA 4.0] that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work, with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online.
Anders, A., Newman, N., Rubin, M., Dickinson, M., Thomson, A., Jones, E., Phatak P. and Gassmann, A. (1996), Hollow Anode Plasma Source for Beam Epitaxy of Gallium Nitride. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720.
Andre, A. and Simone, A. (1995). Working Principle of the Hollow-Anode Plasma source, Plasma Sources Science Technology, 4: p. 571-575.
Glaizer, J. Z., Yarmolich, D., Krokhmal A., Krasik, Y. E., and Felsteiner J. (2005). Optimization of a Low-Pressure Hollow-Anode Electrical Discharge for Generation of High-Current Electron Beams. Journal of Physics D: Appl. Phys. 38. 2.
Glaizer, J. Z., Yarmolich, D., Krokhmal, A., Krasik, Y. E., and Felsteiner, J. (2005). Optimization of a Low-Pressure Hollow-Anode Electrical Discharge for Generation of High-Current Electron Beams. Journal of Physics D: Appl. Phys. 38. 2.
Grill, A. (1993), Cold plasma in materials fabrication from fundamentals to applications, Institute of electrical and electronic engineers, Inc., New York, USA.
Kang, I. J., Cho, S. G., KeunBae, M., KiuJoo, S., Kim, J. W., Kim, H. J., and Chung, K. S. (2013). Design of a Hollow-Anode Discharge Source for Generation of Supersonic Plasma Jets. APS division of Plasma physics, Vol. 58, No.16.
Miljevic, V.I. (1985). Characteristics of the Hollow Anode Ion-Electron Source. J. Appl. Phys. 57, 4482.
Savkin, K.P., YuSkov, Yu. G. Nikolaev, A.G., Oks, E.M., and Yushkov, G. Y. (2010). Generation of Gaseous and Metal Ions in Vacuum Arc Discharge with the Longitudinal Hollow Anode in a Magnetic Field. TUBITAK and RFBR under the joint Turkish-Russian research program (Grant Nos. 108M394 and RFBR-09-08-91219- CT a).
Teo Yong, S. and Teng, P.I., (2010). Plasma Physic: Paschen Curve, Measure the Breakdown Voltages Ubr at Varying Electrode Gap Distance d under a fixed pressure P of air.
Timoshenkov, O., Misiruk, I.O., Taran, V.S., and Garcusha, I.E. (2015). Non-self-maintained discharge with a hollow anode: characteristics and application. 32nd ICPIG, Iași, Romania.
Tutyk, V.A. (2008). Low-Vacuum Gas-Discharge Electron Guns on the Basis of High-Voltage Glow Discharge. Problems of atomic science and technology. Plasma Physics,14, 156-158.
Yokota, S., Komurasaki, K., and Arakawa, Y. (2014). Plasma Density Fluctuation inside a Hollow Anode-Layer Hall Thruster.
Vekselam, V., Glaizer, J., Yatom, S., Yarmolich, D., Gurovich, V. Tz., Bazalitski, G., Krasi, Y. E. and Bernshtam, V. (2009). Laser Induced Fluorescence of the Ferroelectric Plasma Source Assisted 0hollow anode discharge" Physics of Plasmas, 16. 113504.