Optimization of Arsenic Adsorption onto Activated Carbon of Potato Peel Using Response Surface Methodology

  • Akram A. Haji Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region-Iraq.
  • Nidhal M.Sh. Mohammed Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region-Iraq.
Keywords: Activated Carbon, Potato Peel, Adsorption, Heavy Metal, Central Composite Design

Abstract

The present study was designed to optimize the adsorption of arsenic onto potato peel derived activated carbon (MPP-AC) by employing response surface method and central composite design. Adsorbent of cheap and locally available potato residue was produced based on chemical activation with H3PO4subsequently carbonization to produce the porous activated carbon. The individual and interactive effects of five variables including initial arsenic concentration, temperature, time, dosage amount and pH of the medium were investigated. Based on the statistic analysis (ANOVA), the quadratic model was developed associating the adsorption capacity (qe). The optimum conditions were obtained of 9.98 mg L-1of initial As (V) concentration, 28 °C of temperature, 39.7 min of time, 0.97 g of adsorbent dose and 7.3 of pH. The maximum adsorption capacity was 0.27 mg g-1and 76.5% removal efficiency. The equilibrium isotherms and kinetic studies for estimating the mechanism of process demonstrated a good fit to Langmuir model and the pseudo-second order, respectively. The results of this study showed that the feasibility of central composite design (CCD) to control adsorption process and indicated the use of activated carbon of potato residue have important implications for As (V) removal.

Author Biographies

Akram A. Haji, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region-Iraq.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region-Iraq.

Nidhal M.Sh. Mohammed, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region-Iraq.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region-Iraq.

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Published
2019-06-30
How to Cite
Haji, A., & Mohammed, N. (2019). Optimization of Arsenic Adsorption onto Activated Carbon of Potato Peel Using Response Surface Methodology. Science Journal of University of Zakho, 7(2), 37-44. https://doi.org/10.25271/sjuoz.2019.7.2.594
Section
Science Journal of University of Zakho