A Study of Gender Classification Techniques Based on Iris Images: A Deep Survey and Analysis


  • Basna Mohammed Salih Hasan Technical College of Informatics Akre, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Ramadhan J. Mstafa Dept. of Computer Science, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Duhok 42002, Iraq




Gender Classification, Machine Vision, Iris Biometrics, Machine Learning, Deep Learning


Gender classification is attractive in a range of applications, including surveillance and monitoring, corporate profiling, and human-computer interaction. Individuals' identities may be gleaned from information about their gender, which is a kind of soft biometric. Over the years, several methods for determining a person's gender have been devised. Some of the most well-known ones are based on physical characteristics like face, fingerprint, palmprint, DNA, ears, gait, and iris. On the other hand, facial features account for the vast majority of gender classification methods. Also, the iris is a significant biometric trait, because the iris, according to research, remains basically constant during an individual's life. Besides that, the iris is externally visible and is non-invasive to the user, which is important for practical applications. Furthermore, there are already high-quality methods for segmenting and encoding iris images, and the current methods facilitate selecting and extracting attribute vectors from iris textures. This study discusses several approaches to determining gender. The previous works of literature are briefly reviewed. Additionally, there are a variety of methodologies for different steps of gender classification.  This study provides researchers with knowledge and analysis of the existing gender classification approaches. Also, it will assist researchers who are interested in this specific area, as well as highlight the gaps and challenges in the field, and finally provide suggestions and future paths for improvement.

Author Biographies

Basna Mohammed Salih Hasan, Technical College of Informatics Akre, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Technical College of Informatics Akre, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq (basna.mhmed@dpu.edu.krd)

Ramadhan J. Mstafa, Dept. of Computer Science, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Duhok 42002, Iraq

Dept. of Computer Science, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Duhok 42002, Iraq
Dept. of Computer Science, College of Science, Nawroz University, Duhok 42001, Iraq



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How to Cite

Hasan, B. M. S., & Mstafa, R. J. (2022). A Study of Gender Classification Techniques Based on Iris Images: A Deep Survey and Analysis. Science Journal of University of Zakho, 10(4), 222–234. https://doi.org/10.25271/sjuoz.2022.10.4.1039



Science Journal of University of Zakho