Parasitic Fauna of Some Freshwater Fishes from Greater Zab River, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

  • Israa M. Muhammad University of Salahaddin
  • Sara F. Dhahir University of Salahaddin
  • Samir J. Bilal University of Salahaddin
Keywords: Ecto- endoparasite, Fish, Greater Zab river, Iraq

Abstract

   A total of 74 fishes, belonging to six species (Barbus grypus, B. kersin, B.  luteus, Cyprinion macrostomumCyprinus carpio and Silurus triostegus) were collected from Greater Zab river near Gwer district, southwest Erbil city, Kurdistan region, Iraq, from November 2011 until the end of March 2012. The fishes were examined for ecto- and endoparasites. The study revealed the existence of eight species of parasites which included one species of protozoa (Trichodina mutabilis), three species of monogenean (Dactylogyrus barbuli, Gyrodactylus kherulensis and Paradiplozoon cyprini), metacercaria Diplostomum spathaceum, two species of cestodes (Bothriocephalus acheilognathi and Proteocephalus osculatus) and one species of crustacean (Pseudolamproglena annulata). S. triostegus was regarded as a new host for T. mutabilis and G. kherulensis. Also, B. kersin forD. barbuli and C.  macrostomum for P. cyprini in Iraq.

Author Biographies

Israa M. Muhammad, University of Salahaddin

Dept. of Biology, College of Education, University of Salahadin,Kurdistan Region-Iraq

Sara F. Dhahir, University of Salahaddin

Dept. of Biology, College of Education, University of Salahadin,Kurdistan Region-Iraq

Samir J. Bilal, University of Salahaddin

Dept. of Biology, College of Education, University of Salahadin,Kurdistan Region-Iraq

References

Abdullah, S. M. A. (1990). Survey of the parasites of fishes from Dokan lake. M. Sc. Thesis, Coll. Sci., Univ. Salahaddin: 115pp. (In Arabic).
Abdullah, S. M. A. (2002). Ecology, taxonomy and biology of some parasites of fishes from Lesser Zab and Greater Zab rivers in north of Iraq. Ph. D. Thesis, Coll. Educ. (Ibn Al-Haitham), Univ. Baghdad: 153pp. (In Arabic).
Abdullah, S. M. A. & Mhaisen, F. T. (2011). Digenetic trematodes and cestodes parasitizing some fishes from Greater Zab river, North of Iraq. Fifth Sci. Conf. Coll. Agric., Tikrit Univ. Tikrit: 26-27 April 2011: 250-254. (In Arabic).
Ali, N. M; Abul-Eis, E. S. and Abdul-Ameer, K. N. (1988). Study on the parasites of common carp Cyprinus carpio and other freshwater fishes in Habbaniyah lake, Iraq. J. Biol. Sci. Res.,19(2):395-407.
Al -Nasiri, F. S. and Mhaisen, F. T. (2009). First record of Paradiplozoon cyprinid Khotenovsky, 1982 (Monogenea: Diplozoidae) in Iraq, from gills of the cyprinid fish Barbus grypus. J. Tikrit Univ. Agric. Sci., 9(1): 535-550.
Al-Saadi, A. A. J. (1986). A survey of alimentary canal helminthes of some species of Iraqi fishes from Tharthar lake. M. Sc. Thesis, Coll. Sci., Univ. Baghdad: 94pp. (In Arabic).
Al-Zubaidy, A. B. (1998). Studies on the parasitic fauna of carps in Al-Furat fish farm, Babylon province, Iraq. Ph. D. Thesis, Coll. Sci., Univ. Babylon: 141pp. (In Arabic).
Amlacher, E. (1970). Textbook of fish diseases (Engl. Transl.). T. F. H. Publ., Jersey city: 302pp.
Boxshall G. A. (1976). A new genus and two new species of copepod parasitic on freshwater fishes. Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Zool.), 30: 209-215.
Bykhovskaya-Pavlovskaya, I. E.; Gusev, A. V.; Dubinia, M. N.; Izyumova, N. A.; Smirnova, T. S.; Sokolovskaya, I. L.; Shtein, G. A.; Shul'man, S. S. and Epshtein, V. M. (1962). Key to parasites of freshwater fish of the U. S. S. R. Akad. Nauk, S. S. S. R., Moscow: 727pp. (In Russian).
Coad, B. W. (2010). Freshwater fishes of Iraq. Pensoft Publisher, Sofia: 275 pp+ 16 plates.
Gussev, A. V.; Ali, N. M.; Abdul-Ameer, K. N.; Amin, S. M. & Molnár, K. (1993). New and known species of Dactylogyrus Diesing, 1850 (Monogenea, Dactylogyridae) from cyprinid fishes of the river Tigris, Iraq. Syst. Parasitol., 25: 229-237.
Hoffman, G. L. (1998). Parasites of North American freshwater fishes, 2edn. Cornell Univ. Press, London: 539.
Khalifa, K. A. (1982). Occurrence of parasitic infections in Iraqian fish ponds. Second Arab. Conf. Biol. Scs., Arab Biol. Union, Fés. 17-20 March. (Abstract).
Lin, C. L. and Ho, J. S. (1998). Two new species of ergasilid copepods parasitic on fishes cultured in brackish water in Taiwan. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 111(1): 15-27.
Mama, K. S. (2012). Comparative study on parasitic infection of common carp in Ainkawa hatchery. M.Sc. Thesis, College of Education/ Scientific Depts., 80pp.
Mama, K. S. and Abdullah, S. M. A. (2012). First record of Paradiplozoon cyprini Khotenovsky, 1982 (Monogenea) on common carp Cyprinus carpio from Ainkawa Fish Hatchery in Kurdistan Region, Iraq. International J. Environment and Water, 1(1): 281-284.
Mhaisen, F. T. (2012). Index-catalogue of parasites and disease agents of fishes of Iraq, Unpuble. (Personal communication).
Molnár, K. (1977). On the synonyms of Bothriocephalus acheilognathi Yamaguti, 1934. Parasitol. Hung., 10: 16-62.
Roberts, L. S. and Janovy, J. (2005). Generald, D. Schmidt and Larry S. Robertʼs Foundations of parasitology, 7ᵗʰ edn. McGraw-Hill Co., Inc., New YorK: 702 pp.
Scholz, T. (1989). Amphilinida and Cestoda, parasites of fish in Czechosolovakia. Acta Sci. Nat. Brno., 23(4): 1-56.
Shul′man, S. S. (1961). Specificity of fish parasites. In: Dogiel, V. A.; Petrushevski, G. K. And Polyanski, Yu. I. (Eds.). Parasitology of fish (Engl. Transl.). Oliver & Boyd Ltd., Edinburgh & London: 104-116.
Published
2013-09-30
How to Cite
Muhammad, I., Dhahir, S., & Bilal, S. (2013). Parasitic Fauna of Some Freshwater Fishes from Greater Zab River, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Science Journal of University of Zakho, 1(2), 620-627. Retrieved from https://sjuoz.uoz.edu.krd/index.php/sjuoz/article/view/297
Section
Science Journal of University of Zakho