Implications of Palynological and cytological Data for Distinguishing Salix L. Species in Kurdistan Region of Iraq

  • Saleem I. Shahbaz University of Duhok
  • Shamiran S. Abdulrahman University of Zakho
Keywords: The

Abstract

Palynological and chromosomal characters were systematically used to compare between species of Salix growing in Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The investigation revealed that pollen colpi length, exine thickness and surface sculpturing contribute none significantly in species delimitation, while size and shape classes of Erdtman (1945, 1971) respectively, in addition to the occurrence of Parasyncolpate pollen grains are highly valuable characters for distinguishing of the species. The chromosome counting of the pollen grain mother cells was 2n=38 for S. acmophylla and S. purpurea, while 2n=76 for tetraploids of S. alba, S. babylonica and S. aegyptiaca. According to the results of chromosome counting, S. acmophylla, which is closely related to S. alba is easily recognized by their differences in chromosome numbers.

Author Biographies

Saleem I. Shahbaz, University of Duhok

1Faculty of Agric. And Forestry, University of Duhok, Kurdistan – Region, Iraq.

Shamiran S. Abdulrahman, University of Zakho

Dept. of Biology, Faculty of Science/University of Zakho, Kurdistan – Region, Iraq.

References

Abdullah, S. M. A. (1990). Survey of the parasites of fishes from Dokan lake. M. Sc. Thesis, Coll. Sci., Univ. Salahaddin: 115pp. (In Arabic).
Abdullah, S. M. A. (2002). Ecology, taxonomy and biology of some parasites of fishes from Lesser Zab and Greater Zab rivers in north of Iraq. Ph. D. Thesis, Coll. Educ. (Ibn Al-Haitham), Univ. Baghdad: 153pp. (In Arabic).
Abdullah, S. M. A. & Mhaisen, F. T. (2011). Digenetic trematodes and cestodes parasitizing some fishes from Greater Zab river, North of Iraq. Fifth Sci. Conf. Coll. Agric., Tikrit Univ. Tikrit: 26-27 April 2011: 250-254. (In Arabic).
Ali, N. M; Abul-Eis, E. S. and Abdul-Ameer, K. N. (1988). Study on the parasites of common carp Cyprinus carpio and other freshwater fishes in Habbaniyah lake, Iraq. J. Biol. Sci. Res.,19(2):395-407.
Al -Nasiri, F. S. and Mhaisen, F. T. (2009). First record of Paradiplozoon cyprinid Khotenovsky, 1982 (Monogenea: Diplozoidae) in Iraq, from gills of the cyprinid fish Barbus grypus. J. Tikrit Univ. Agric. Sci., 9(1): 535-550.
Al-Saadi, A. A. J. (1986). A survey of alimentary canal helminthes of some species of Iraqi fishes from Tharthar lake. M. Sc. Thesis, Coll. Sci., Univ. Baghdad: 94pp. (In Arabic).
Al-Zubaidy, A. B. (1998). Studies on the parasitic fauna of carps in Al-Furat fish farm, Babylon province, Iraq. Ph. D. Thesis, Coll. Sci., Univ. Babylon: 141pp. (In Arabic).
Amlacher, E. (1970). Textbook of fish diseases (Engl. Transl.). T. F. H. Publ., Jersey city: 302pp.
Boxshall G. A. (1976). A new genus and two new species of copepod parasitic on freshwater fishes. Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Zool.), 30: 209-215.
Bykhovskaya-Pavlovskaya, I. E.; Gusev, A. V.; Dubinia, M. N.; Izyumova, N. A.; Smirnova, T. S.; Sokolovskaya, I. L.; Shtein, G. A.; Shul'man, S. S. and Epshtein, V. M. (1962). Key to parasites of freshwater fish of the U. S. S. R. Akad. Nauk, S. S. S. R., Moscow: 727pp. (In Russian).
Coad, B. W. (2010). Freshwater fishes of Iraq. Pensoft Publisher, Sofia: 275 pp+ 16 plates.
Gussev, A. V.; Ali, N. M.; Abdul-Ameer, K. N.; Amin, S. M. & Molnár, K. (1993). New and known species of Dactylogyrus Diesing, 1850 (Monogenea, Dactylogyridae) from cyprinid fishes of the river Tigris, Iraq. Syst. Parasitol., 25: 229-237.
Hoffman, G. L. (1998). Parasites of North American freshwater fishes, 2edn. Cornell Univ. Press, London: 539.
Khalifa, K. A. (1982). Occurrence of parasitic infections in Iraqian fish ponds. Second Arab. Conf. Biol. Scs., Arab Biol. Union, Fés. 17-20 March. (Abstract).
Lin, C. L. and Ho, J. S. (1998). Two new species of ergasilid copepods parasitic on fishes cultured in brackish water in Taiwan. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 111(1): 15-27.
Mama, K. S. (2012). Comparative study on parasitic infection of common carp in Ainkawa hatchery. M.Sc. Thesis, College of Education/ Scientific Depts., 80pp.
Mama, K. S. and Abdullah, S. M. A. (2012). First record of Paradiplozoon cyprini Khotenovsky, 1982 (Monogenea) on common carp Cyprinus carpio from Ainkawa Fish Hatchery in Kurdistan Region, Iraq. International J. Environment and Water, 1(1): 281-284.
Mhaisen, F. T. (2012). Index-catalogue of parasites and disease agents of fishes of Iraq, Unpuble. (Personal communication).
Molnár, K. (1977). On the synonyms of Bothriocephalus acheilognathi Yamaguti, 1934. Parasitol. Hung., 10: 16-62.
Roberts, L. S. and Janovy, J. (2005). Generald, D. Schmidt and Larry S. Robertʼs Foundations of parasitology, 7ᵗʰ edn. McGraw-Hill Co., Inc., New YorK: 702 pp.
Scholz, T. (1989). Amphilinida and Cestoda, parasites of fish in Czechosolovakia. Acta Sci. Nat. Brno., 23(4): 1-56.
Shul′man, S. S. (1961). Specificity of fish parasites. In: Dogiel, V. A.; Petrushevski, G. K. And Polyanski, Yu. I. (Eds.). Parasitology of fish (Engl. Transl.). Oliver & Boyd Ltd., Edinburgh & London: 104-116.
Published
2013-09-30
How to Cite
Shahbaz, S., & Abdulrahman, S. (2013). Implications of Palynological and cytological Data for Distinguishing Salix L. Species in Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Science Journal of University of Zakho, 1(2), 628-641. Retrieved from https://sjuoz.uoz.edu.krd/index.php/sjuoz/article/view/319
Section
Science Journal of University of Zakho