Fungi Associated with Freshly Harvested Corn Grains in Duhok Governorate

  • Raed A. Haleem University of Duhok
  • Khdija A. Saido University of Duhok
  • Samir Kh. Abdullah University of Zakho
  • Sahad N. Aldeen University of Duhok
  • Ihssan M. Waesi University of Duhok
Keywords: Corn grains, fungi, aflatoxin, Iraq


Freshly harvested grains of five corn hybrids collected from Duhok governorate were screened for their associated mycoflora using agar plate and blotter methods. The percentage occurrence of the isolated fungi was varied with respect to corn hybrid. Aspergillus niger, A. flavus and Rhizopus spp were the most frequently detected species. From 4 to 70% of grains were infected with fungi and their percentage germination ranged from 53 to 98%. The species composition and percentage germination of grains differed among corn hybrids. A total of 48 strains of A. flavus obtained from different hybrids were tested for their aflatoxigenic potential. The positive strains ranged from 70 to 100%.

Author Biographies

Raed A. Haleem, University of Duhok

Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region-Iraq

Khdija A. Saido, University of Duhok

Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region-Iraq

Samir Kh. Abdullah, University of Zakho

Biology Departments, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region-Iraq

Sahad N. Aldeen, University of Duhok

Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region-Iraq

Ihssan M. Waesi, University of Duhok

Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region-Iraq


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How to Cite
Haleem, R., Saido, K., Abdullah, S., Aldeen, S., & Waesi, I. (2013). Fungi Associated with Freshly Harvested Corn Grains in Duhok Governorate. Science Journal of University of Zakho, 1(2), 569-574. Retrieved from
Science Journal of University of Zakho