Effect of Foliar Application of Magnesium on Growth, Yield, and Photosynthetic Pigments of Barley Plant

  • Zhian R. Salih University of Salahaddin
  • Rezheen H. A Ahmed University of Salahaddin
Keywords: foliar application, Magnesium, Barley, Yield, Photosynthetic pigments

Abstract

The present study was done to assess the role of magnesium on growth and yields of Barley plant (Hordeum distichon L. Acsad 14). Foliar Mg applicated at concentration (0, 5, 10, 15, 20ppm) by using MgO and MgNO3. A randomized complete block design with three replication of each treatment was applied. The results showed that the vegetative growth parameters: shoot dry weight and flag leaf area were increased significantly at different stages of growth compared to untreated (control) groups. Mg treatments after 110 days caused significant increases in the number of spike and weight of spike compared to the control plants. Foliar Mg application significantly increased chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, total chlorophyll and carotenoids in the leaves. The highest increasing in all parameter were recorded with (10ppm) of MgO and (5ppm) of MgNO3. 

Author Biographies

Zhian R. Salih, University of Salahaddin

Dept. Of Biology, College of Education, Scientific departments, University of Salahaddin, Kurdistan Region – Iraq.

Rezheen H. A Ahmed, University of Salahaddin

Dept. Of Biology, College of Education, Scientific departments, University of Salahaddin, Kurdistan Region – Iraq.

References

Akar, T., Avci, M., Dusunceli, F. (2004). Barley: Post-harvest operations.http://www.fao/inpho/content/compend.text/ch31.htm.Accessed on 15 August 2007.

Archer, J. (1988). Crop nutrition and fertilizer use. 2nd edition, Farming Press Ltd., Ipswich, United Kingdom.

Bould, C., Hewitt, E.J., and Needham, P. (1983). ‘Diagnosis of Mineral Disorders in Plants, Volume 1 Principles’. Ed. J.B.D. Robinson, 174pp. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, London.

Garcia, M., Daverede, C., Gallego, P., and Toumi, M. (1999). Effect of varions potassium calcium ratios on cation nutrition of grape grown hydroponically. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 22: 417– 425.

Gluhić, D., Herak, M., Petek, M., Čoga, L., Slunjski, S. and Sinćić, M. (2009): The content of Mg, K and Ca ions in vine leaf under foliar application of magnesium on calcareous soils. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientifi Cus 2: 81–84.

Grimme, H; Huttl, R.F. (1991). Magnesium in agricultural and forest ecosystems. In Magnesium – a relevant ion. Eds B. Lasserre and J. Durlach. Proceedings of the 3rd European Congress on Magnesium, March 1990, 9-20, John Libbey Eurotext, Montrouge, France.

Hlušek, J., Richter, R. and Ryant, P. (2002). Vyživa a hnojeni zahradnich plodin. 1 ed. Praha, Zemědělec, 81 p. (in Czech).

Jaber A. S., and Rahi, H. S.. (2000). Effect of Magnesium and Nitrogen on the uptake of some nutrients in cucumber at soils of plastic houses. Iraqi J. Agri. Sci. 4:127-140.
Jaber. A. S. (1994). Effect of potassium and magnesium application on Barley yield (Hordum vulgare L.) in calcareous soil. Iraqi J. Agri. Sci. 25:25-28.
Kraus, V. (2003). Pěstujeme revu vinnou. 1 ed. Praha, Grada Publishing, 96 p. (in Czech).
Ksouri, R., Gharsalli, M., and Lachall, M. (2005).Physiological responses of Tunisian grapevine varieties to bicarbonate-induced iron deficiency. Journal of Plant Physiology, 162: 335–341.

Marschner, H. (2002). Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. 2nd edition. London: Academic Press, 889 p.

McCall, W. (1980). Foliar application of fertilizers. Hawall Cooperative Extension Service.

McLaren, R.G., and Cameron, K.C. 1996. Soil Science - Sustainable production and environmental protection. 2nd Edition, Oxford University Press, Auckland.

Metzzener, H., Rava, H. and Sender, H. (1965). Unter suchungen zur synchronis iebekiety pigments mangel von chlrella. Planta, 65: 186-190.

Reuter, D.J., and Robinson, J.B. Eds (1998). ‘Plant analysis: an interpretation manual’. 2nd edition, CSIRO Publishing, Australia.

Skinner, P. W. and Matthews, M. A. (1990). A novel interaction of magnesium translocation with the supply of phosphorus to roots of grapewine (Vitis vinifera L.). Plant, Cell and Environment, 13: 821–826.

Verma, V. (2008). Textbook of plant physiology. Ane Books India.

USAD (2007). Foreign and Agricultural Services Production, Supply and Distribution (PSD) online database.

Akar, T., Avci, M., and Dusunceli, F. (2004). Barly: post-harvested operations.

OCDA (2004). Consensus document on compositional considerations for new varieties of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.): Key food and feed nutrients and anti-nutrients. Report No. 12, Environmental Directorate, OCDA, Paris.
Von Bothmer, R. (1992). The wild species of Hordeum: relationships and potential use for improvement of cultivated barley. Chapter 1. In: PR Shewry, ed. Barley: Genetics, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biotechnology. C.A.B. International, Walling ford.
Published
2013-09-30
How to Cite
Salih, Z., & Ahmed, R. (2013). Effect of Foliar Application of Magnesium on Growth, Yield, and Photosynthetic Pigments of Barley Plant. Science Journal of University of Zakho, 1(2), 686-691. Retrieved from https://sjuoz.uoz.edu.krd/index.php/sjuoz/article/view/346
Section
Science Journal of University of Zakho