Estimation and Correlation Analysis of Heavy Metals of Some Well Water in Zakho City, Iraq

  • Haydar A. Mohammad Salim University of Zakho
  • Hasan R. Abdo Duhok Environment Office
  • Faris J. Buni Duhok Environment Office
  • Idrees M. Kareem Duhok Environment Office
  • Mothanna A. Najeeb Duhok Environment Office
  • Bafreen A. Hussen Duhok Environment Office
Keywords: Zakho City, Water Quality, Heavy metals, Water Pollution, Well Water


This study was carried out to examine the concentrations of major heavy metals in fifteen different well water in Zakho City, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. The studied heavy metals were iron, copper, chromium, aluminum, cadmium, cobalt, nickel, manganese, zinc and lead. The results obtained in the studied area showed that copper, chromium, cobalt, zinc, manganese, aluminum, iron and lead were within the acceptable limits as recommended by WHO for water drinking. However, in all studied areas, cadmium and nickel were mostly founded to exceed the maximum permissible limit set by WHO. It is found that zinc and copper possess a very good positive correlation between each other. The results obtained in this study confirmed the groundwater pollution and hence it is not suitable for consumption without any prior treatment.

Author Biographies

Haydar A. Mohammad Salim, University of Zakho

Dept. of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Zakho, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Hasan R. Abdo, Duhok Environment Office

Board of Protecting and Improving Environment, Duhok Environment Office, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Faris J. Buni, Duhok Environment Office

Board of Protecting and Improving Environment, Duhok Environment Office, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Idrees M. Kareem, Duhok Environment Office

Board of Protecting and Improving Environment, Duhok Environment Office, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Mothanna A. Najeeb, Duhok Environment Office

Board of Protecting and Improving Environment, Duhok Environment Office, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Bafreen A. Hussen, Duhok Environment Office

Board of Protecting and Improving Environment, Duhok Environment Office, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq


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How to Cite
Mohammad Salim, H., Abdo, H., Buni, F., Kareem, I., Najeeb, M., & Hussen, B. (2017). Estimation and Correlation Analysis of Heavy Metals of Some Well Water in Zakho City, Iraq. Science Journal of University of Zakho, 5(2), 205-209.
Science Journal of University of Zakho